The Penguin Atlas of Ancient History illustrates, in a chronological series of maps, the evolution and flux of races in Europe, the Mediterranean area, and the Near East. From 50,000 B.C. to the fourth century A.D. the maps and their accompanying commentaries follow the ages of stone, bronze, and iron, and trace the movements and cultural developments of Mesopotamians, Egyptians, Indians, Hittites, Assyrians, Greeks, Persians, Celts, Etruscans, Carthaginians, Goths, Romans, and many other peoples. The front cover shows, front: a detail of the Peutinger Map which first came to light in Vienna in 1507, from a facsimile in the British Museum. Back: Italy, Cosmographia of Claudius Ptolemaeus, Bologna 1507, in the British Museum.