This mainstream text for sociology and humanity introductory classes focuses on controversial social philosophers and theorists in the context of Western social thought and culture. It shows that social thinkers are involved with profound problems of both a humanistic and scientific nature and presents the work and theoretical position of each social thinker covered. Features: * Includes problems and puzzles section to promote critical thinking. * Provides glossary of terms used in theorists' discussions. New to this edition: * Offers imaginative applications of how social theory and the work of social thinkers can be used to enhance understanding of daily life in PUTTING SOCIAL THOUGHT TO WORK sections. * Discusses major works of social scientists who made major contributions to modern social thought in ENCOUNTERS WITH SOCIAL THOUGHT sections. * Introduces three new chapters: THE SOCIAL THOUGHT OF PITRUM SOROKIN, ABUNDANCE, LEISURE AND LONELINESS: OBSERVATIONS ON SOCIETY FROM DAVID RIESMAN and BUILDING A GLOBAL CIVIC CULTURE - ELISE BOULDING AND STRATEGIES FOR A PEACEFUL WORLD.